University of California

Fruit English

Passion Fruit

Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality

Passion Fruit

Adel A. Kader
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis

Maturity & Quality

Maturity Indices

The amount of yellow or purple color on the fruit surface is used as a maturity index for fresh market passion fruits. In some cases fruits are allowed to fall and are collected from the ground for processing into juice concentrate, jam, and other products.

Quality Indices

  • The fruit is a berry 3.5 to 7 cm wide and 4 to 12 cm long and has a moderately hard shell (3-10 mm thick), depending on cultivar
  • The edible portion is the fleshy, acidic pericarp together with the arils surrounding the seeds
  • Fruit color may be purple or yellow
  • Soluble solids content ranges between 14 and 18% and acidity ranges from 3 to 5% in the pulp
  • Moisture loss during ripening may be large enough to cause shriveling of passion fruits, but this does not influence the edible portion

Maturity & Quality Photos

passion_fruit_quality1

Title: Quality (1)

Photo Credit: Adel Kader, UC Davis 

passion_fruit_quality2

Title: Quality (2)

Photo Credit: Adel Kader, UC Davis 

Temperature & Controlled Atmosphere

Optimum Temperature

7-10°C (45-50°F) for partially-ripe fruits (potential storage life = 3-5 weeks) 5-7°C (41-45°F) for fully-ripe fruits (potential storage life = 1 week)

Optimum Relative Humidity

90-95%

Rates of Respiration

Temperature 5°C (41°F) 10°C (50°F) 20°C (68°F)
ml CO2/kg·hr 15-30 20-40 45-100

To calculate heat production multiply ml CO2/kg·hr by 440 to get Btu/ton/day or by 122 to get kcal/metric ton/day.

Rates of Ethylene Production

Passion fruits are the highest ethylene producers among all fruits with a production range of 160-370 µl/kg·hr at 20°C (68°F) at their climacteric peak.

Responses to Ethylene

Exposure of mature-green passion fruits to 100 ppm ethylene for 1-2 days accelerates their ripening. Once ripening begins exogenous ethylene treatment is unnecessary because the fruits produce high ethylene concentrations.

Responses to Controlled Atmospheres (CA)

No published information available.

Passion fruits may benefit from packaging in perforated plastic films (no or minor effect on atmospheric modification) due to reduction in water loss during handling.

Disorders

Physiological and Physical Disorders

Chilling injury. Symptoms occur on passion fruits kept at 5°C (41°F) or lower and include surface and internal discoloration, pitting, water-soaked areas, uneven ripening or failure to ripen, off-flavor development, and increased decay incidence.

Pathological Disorders

Brown spot. Caused by Alternaria passiflorae and appears as circular, sunken, light-brown spots on ripening fruits. Disease incidence is most severe during warm wet periods.

Phytophthora fruit rot. Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica and appears as water-soaked, dark-green patches which dry up.

Septoria spot. Caused by Septoria passiflorae which infects fruits while on the plant and results in uneven ripening.

Control Procedures

Effective vineyard sanitation, pruning and leaf thinning to allow more air and light to reach the canopy, application of preharvest fungicides, and proper management of temperature and relative humidity during postharvest handling.

Date

February 1999

Use of Materials

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How to Cite

Author(s) names. Initial publication or update date (located at the top). Title. Link to the specific Produce Fact Sheet webpage (Accessed date)

Example: Cantwell, M. and T. Suslow. 2002. Lettuce, Crisphead: Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality. 

http://ucanr.edu/sites/Postharvest_Technology_Center_/Commodity_Resources/Fact_Sheets/Datastores/Vegetables_English/?uid=19&ds=799 (Accessed January 18, 2014).

College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
 
Department of Plant Sciences

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