Fruit Physiological Disorders
Fruit located on vigorous, leafy, upright growing branches have a greater potential to develop bitter pit than does fruit that develops from spurs or on horizontal wood near the tree's main frame. Young trees that are just coming into bearing are the most susceptible. Immature fruit are more susceptible to bitter pit than fruit harvested at the proper harvest maturity. Older trees, which are less vigorous and produce larger crop loads, reduce their susceptibility to bitter pit except in the very sensitive cultivars.
Highly Susceptible Cultivars
Less Susceptible Cultivars
Preharvest sampling for bitter pit is possible. Two weeks before harvest select large fruit from upright limbs of light cropped, vigorous trees. Dip the fruit in a solution of 2,000 ppm ethephon in water (about 1½ teaspoons of ethephon to one gallon of water) to hasten the ripening process. Hold the fruit for two weeks at room temperature. If bitter pit develops, delay the harvest as long as possible. Cool the harvested fruit as soon as possible and delay the packing for at least four weeks. The delay will allow the bitter pit to fully develop. The affected fruit is then removed during the packing process.
Integrated Pest Management For Apples and Pears. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Publication 3340, 1991. ISBN 0-931876-94-X, Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 91-65337.
Bitter Pit of Apples. University of California Cooperative Extension Publication, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Leaflet 2712, 1975.
1991 & 1975
Use of Materials
The UC Postharvest Technology Center grants users permission to download textual pages (including PDF files) from this website for personal use or to reproduce them for educational purposes, but credit lines and copyright notices within the pages must not be removed or modified.
Except for these specified uses, no part of the textual materials available on the UC Postharvest Technology Center website may be copied, downloaded, stored in a retrieval system, further transmitted or otherwise reproduced, stored, disseminated, transferred or used, in any form or by any means, except as permitted herein or with the University of California's prior written agreement. Request permission from UC Postharvest Technology Center @ firstname.lastname@example.org. Distribution for commercial purposes is prohibited.
The information in this fact sheet represents our best understanding of the current state of knowledge at the time of the latest update, and does not represent an exhaustive review of all research results. Links to any of these UC Postharvest Technology Center pages are permitted, but no endorsement of the linking site or products mentioned in the linking page is intended or implied by such a link.
How to Cite
Author(s) names. Initial publication or update date (located at the bottom). Title. Link to the specific webpage (accessed date)
Example: Crisosto, C. H. and E. J. Mitcham. 2020. Asian Pear: Flesh Spot Decay (FSD). http://postharvest.ucdavis.edu/Commodity_Resources/Fruit_Physiological_Disorders/?uid=11&ds=822 (Accessed March 25, 2020).