Fruit Produce Facts English
Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality
Mary Lu Arpaia1 and Adel A. Kader2
1Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, Univ. of California, Riverside
2Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis
Maturity & Quality
Color (yellow, orange, and/or red) on 75% of fruit surface and soluble solids/acid ratio of 6.5 or higher.
Temperature & Controlled Atmosphere
5-8°C (41-46°F) for 2 to 6 weeks, depending on cultivar, maturity-ripeness stage at harvest, and decay control treatments used.
Optimum Relative Humidity
Rates of Respiration
To calculate heat production multiply ml CO2/kg·hr by 440 to get Btu/ton/day or by 122 to get kcal/metric ton/day.
Rates of Ethylene Production
Responses to Ethylene
Responses to Controlled Atmospheres (CA)
A combination of 5-10% O2 and 0-5% CO2 can delay color changes from green to yellow and other symptoms of senescence, but it is not very effective in decay control. Mandarins do not tolerate exposure to fungistatic CO2 levels (10-15%). Commercial use of CA is very limited.
Temperature & Controlled Atmosphere Photos
Physiological and Physical Disorders
Chilling injury. Symptoms include pitting and brown discoloration followed by increased susceptibility to decay. Severity increases with longer exposures to lower temperature below 5°C (41°F).
Oil spotting (Oleocellosis). Harvesting and handling turgid citrus fruits can result in breaking of oil cells and release of oil that damages surrounding tissues.
Aging. Symptoms include shriveling and peel injury around the stem end.
Reduce the pathogen population in the environment:
Maintain Fruit Resistance to Infection
Use of Materials
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The information in this fact sheet represents our best understanding of the current state of knowledge at the time of the latest update, and does not represent an exhaustive review of all research results. Links to any of these UC Postharvest Technology Center pages are permitted, but no endorsement of the linking site or products mentioned in the linking page is intended or implied by such a link.
How to Cite
Author(s) names. Initial publication or update date (located at the top). Title. Link to the specific Produce Fact Sheet webpage (Accessed date)
Example: Cantwell, M. and T. Suslow. 2002. Lettuce, Crisphead: Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality.
http://ucanr.edu/sites/Postharvest_Technology_Center_/Commodity_Resources/Fact_Sheets/Datastores/Vegetables_English/?uid=19&ds=799 (Accessed January 18, 2014).