University of California

Section 3



Image: Commodity Requirements: Temperature and Relative Humidity

  1. ANON. 1974. Refrigeration applications to fish, fruit and vegetables in South East Asia - An international short-term training course.   UN Food & Agric. Org. and In. Inst. Refrig.  Spec.  Publ.  Durgapur, India, Jan. 14-24, 1974, 249 p.
  2.  ALVAREZ, J.S. and S. Thorne. 1981. The effect of temperature on the deterioration of stored agricultural produce. In: S. Thorne (ed.), Developments in Food Preservation, Appl. Sci. Publ., Barking, UK, pp. 215-238.
  3.  BURTON, W.G. 1972. Storage behavior and requirements of crops and their influence on storage parameters. Agric. Engr. 27:43-53.
  4. BURTON, W.G. 1973. Environmental requirements in store as determined by potential deterioration. Proc. 7th British Insect. & Fung. Conf. (1973), pp. 1037-1055.
  5. CLAYPOOL, L.L., L.L. Morris, W.T. Pentzer and W.R.  Barger.1958. Air transportation of fruits, vegetables and cut flowers. Temperature and humidity requirements and perishable nature. USDA, Agric. Mktg. Serv.AMS-280, 27 p.
  6. GAFFNEY, J.J., C.D. Baird, and K.V. Chau. 1985. Influence of airflow rate, respiration, evaporative cooling, and other facors affecting weight loss calculations for fruits and vegetables. ASHRAE Trans. 91(1):9-25.
  7. GINSBURG, L. 1965. Recommended storage temperatures, percentage relative humidities and storage life for fruit and vegetables. Deciduous Fruit Grower 15(3):80-86.
  8. GOLDENBERG, N. 1974. Postharvest handling of fresh fruits and vegetables. Outlook on Agric.  8:105-112.
  9. GRIERSON, W. and W.F. Wardowski. 1978. Relative humidity effects on the postharvest life of fruits and vegetables. HortScience 13:570-574.
  10. HARDENBURG, R.E. 1969. Perishables distribution in the 1970’s - refrigeration requirements for perishables. J. Food Distribution Res. 1:104-113.
  11. HARDENBURG, R.E. 1974. Fresh produce storage. USDA, Agric. Res. Serv. Publ. CA-H-4, 5 p.
  12. HARDENBURG, R.E. 1981. Storage recommendations, shelf-life, and respiration rates for horticultural crops. In: E.E. Finney, Jr. (ed.), Handbook of Transportation and Marketing in Agriculture. I. Food Commodities. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 261-285.
  13. HARVEY, J.M. 1975. Reducing marketing losses of perishables. Prod. Mktg. Assoc. YB (1975):162, 164, 166 & 168.
  14. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION. 1995. Guide to refrigerated transport. In Inst. Refrig. , Paris, France, 150 p.
  15. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION.1993. Coldstore guide. In. Inst. Refrig.,Paris, France, 205.
  16. LENTZ, C.P. and L. Van den Berg. 1974. Factors affecting temperature, relative humidity and moisture loss in fresh fruit and vegetable storage.  ASHRAE Symp., CH-73-7, pp. 5-12. (Also in ASHRAE J. 15:55-60).
  17. LIDSTER, P.D., P.D. Hilderbrand, L.S. Berard, and S.W. Porritt. 1988.  Commercial storage of fruits and vegetables. Can. Dept. Agric. Publ. 1532, 88 p.
  18. LYONS, J.M.1969. Physical and biological considerations relating to storage and handling of harvested crops.  Chem. Eng. Progress Symp. Series 65:106-111.
  19. NUNES, M.C.N. 2008. Impact of environmental conditions on fruit and vegetable quality. Stewart Postharvest Review 2008, 4:4, 14pp.
  20. PRODUCE MARKETING ASSOCIATION. 2002. The fresh produce manual. Produce Marketing Association, Newark, DE.
  21. ROBINSON, J.E., K.M. Browne, and W.G. Burton. 1975. Storage characteristics of some vegetables and soft fruits. Ann. Appl. Biol. 81:399-408.
  22. SASTRY, S.K.  1985. Moisture losses from perishable commodities: recent research and developments. In J. Refrig. 8:343-346.
  23. THORNE, S. and H. Meffert. 1979. The storage life of fruits and vegetables. J. Food Qual. 2:105-112.
  24. ULRICH, R. 1965. Principles and practical methods of preservation of fruits by refrigeration. Indus. Aliment. et Agric. 82:403-412. (in French)
  25. VANBEEK, G. 1985. Practical applications of transpiration coefficients of horticultural produce. ASHRAE Trans. 91(1):27-43.
  26. VAN DEN BERG, L. 1977. Effect of relative humidity on storage life of vegetables. Acta Hort. 62:197-208.
  27. VAN DEN BERG, L. 1977. Study of rate of air change, condensation and mixed commodities in high humidity vegetable storage. Acta Hort. 62:209-215.
  28. VAN DEN BERG, L. 1981. The role of humidity, temperature, and atmospheric composition in maintaining vegetable quality during storage. In: R. Teranishi and H. Barrerabenibez (eds.). Quality of selected fruits and vegetables of North America. Adv. Chem. Ser. Vol. 170, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp. 95-107.
  29. VAN DEN BERG, L. and C.P. Lentz. 1974. Effect of relative humidity on decay and other quality factors during long-term storage of fresh vegetables. ASHRAE Symp. CH-73-7, pp. 12-18.
  30. WELLS, A.W. 1962. Effects of storage temperature and humidity on loss of weight by fruit. USDA, Mktg. Res. Rept. 539, 15 p.
  31. WOODS, J.L. 1990. Moisture loss from fruits and vegetables. Postharvest News and Information 1:195-199.



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